Noise and Crosstalk over Copper
Copper susceptibility to interference and noises has been a major factor limiting the performance that can be extracted out of it over the years. These interferences wrapping around the transmitted data, if not mitigated, can have high impact on the link reliability, the throughput of the services riding over it, and the coverage that can be achieved.
Electromagnetic interference (EMI) and cross talk are two common sources of noises within a copper environment. EMI occurs when electrical signals from the local environment outside of the binder are picked up by the copper pairs in a cable and introduce noise. Crosstalk occurs when a signal transmitted on one copper twisted pair in a bundle radiates and potentially interferes with and degrades the transmission on another pair. There are different types of cross talk as can be seen from the diagram below.
Advanced technologies that can effectively manage and mitigate these kinds of interferences can enable carriers to significantly increase the utilization of their copper pairs to deliver higher services to longer distances with carrier class reliability.
Learn More : Overcoming Cross Talk